Dogs at Lincoln’s Funeral

color close-up - The Nation is Weeping (funeral poem, 1865) - LOC

Crowds gathered in Springfield, Illinois, on May 4, 155 years ago to lay Abraham Lincoln to rest following the last funeral to be held as his body made its journey home from Washington, D.C. To all those who knew that the late President loved dogs, it might come as no surprise that a dog would be present at Lincoln’s Springfield home for the occasion.

quote-dogs at Lincoln's funeralNot only did Lincoln love dogs, they seemed to love him in return. Stories of his companionship with dogs span Lincoln’s life from his youth to his presidency. As a young man moving west to Illinois, he saved his small dog from drowning in an icy creek. At Springfield, stray dogs, and cats too, found comfort and care at the Lincoln family’s home. Perhaps his famous dog Fido was one of these.  In Washington, a dog once followed Lincoln home to the White House.

It seems fitting that a man who loved dogs so well should be accompanied by dogs even in death. On at least three occasions, dogs were present at funeral ceremonies or viewings held after Lincoln’s assassination.

Fido was a well-known figure in Springfield, where he had lived with the Lincolns for about six years, frequently accompanying the future president around town. He would wait for his master outside the barber shop, and often carried papers for him as the two walked along.

When the Lincolns left for Washington in 1861, Fido remained behind with the family of John Roll, whose boys were friends of the Lincolns’ sons. Concerned that Fido would be fearful and unhappy with the bustle of Washington, the Lincolns had arranged for the Rolls to care for him. They specified that Fido could not be tied up alone in the yard, must be allowed in the house whenever he asked to come in, and allowed in the dining room at mealtime. To help Fido feel at home, the Lincolns gave the Rolls the dog’s favorite horsehair sofa.

Fido Lincoln (front)

 

When Springfield held Lincoln’s funeral on May 4, visitors flocked to the Lincoln home. John Roll took Fido there as well. It is also possible–perhaps even likely*–that on this occasion he also took Fido to the photography studio of Springfield photographer F.W. Ingmire. Cartes de visite of the yellow dog became popular keepsakes connected with Lincoln’s funeral.

Days earlier, in New York City, another dog who also  knew Lincoln took part in meeting his casket when it arrived by train. The New York Times reported on the episode in its April 28, 1865, edition:

Bruno, the Dog Mourner at Lincoln's Funeral

 

 

 

On the day that Lincoln’s casket reached Indianapolis, heavy rains curtailed plans for a procession to the Statehouse, where Lincoln would lie in state. Instead, his casket was quickly transported, preventing a public gathering at an elaborate building that had been erected as an archway and memorial exhibition hall. But event organizers would not allow their tribute to be missed. The next day, a crowd assembled at the arch for photographs, with a substitute casket in the hearse.

A photograph taken that day is in the collection of the Lincoln Financial Foundation at the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, and can be seen here. Zooming in on the photo reveals one small figure in a prominent position directly beneath the front of the hearse. Behind its front wheels stands a small dog, facing away from the camera.

If the dog looks familiar, it may be because of his remarkable resemblance to another dog who had been present during Lincoln’s historic visit to Gettysburg on November 19, 1863. The Indianapolis dog, with his short legs and distinctive white ruff of fur at the base of his neck, looks much like the dog who stood with the crowd watching the procession that filed through Gettysburg’s streets to the dedication of Soldiers’ National Cemetery.

Close-up of dog in crowd

Close-up of a dog in the crowd at Gettysburg, November 19, 1863

 

Crowd watching Gettysburg dedication procession

The small dog at Gettysburg appears at the center of this view along Baltimore Street. https://www.loc.gov/item/2012647717/

 

Like that little dog of Gettysburg, these three–the Indianapolis dog, Bruno, and Fido–all were witnesses to history. And, as dogs, ever keen to perceive human emotion, maybe they too felt the solemnity of the events they witnessed.

For Further Reading: “Twenty Days: A Narrative in Text and Pictures of the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln and the Twenty Days and Nights that followed—The Nation in Mourning, the Long Trip Home to Springfield,” by Dorothy Meserve Kunhardt and Philip B. Kunhardt Jr.

 

*An article by a researcher with the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum discusses in fascinating detail the uncertainty about the origin of F.W. Ingmire’s series of photographs of Fido. Were they taken in 1860-1861, as the Lincolns prepared to depart Springfield for Washington, as some accounts claim? Or did Roll have Fido photographed at the time of Lincoln’s funeral?

Our header image above, with accent color added, is a detail from the covering illustration for the poem “The Nation is Weeping” by Chas. Magnus, c. 1865. It pictures a crowd gathered to watch Lincoln’s funeral cortege in New York City. You can view the original illustration and the poem in the Library of Congress at the link below.

 

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Fan, A Dog of the Irish Brigade’s 88th NY Infantry

Fan, an Irish wolfhound belonging to an officer of the 88th New York Infantry, a regiment of the famed Irish Brigade, is nearly lost to history. But she survives in at least one historic reference, a touching incident recounted In the Irish Brigade’s 1866 history, “The Irish Brigade and Its Campaigns,” by Daniel Power Conyngham.

Some people are reminded of Fan by the Irish Brigade monument at Gettysburg, known not only for its spectacular artistry but especially for its depiction of a steadfast Irish wolfhound.

National Park Service rangers at Gettysburg National Military Park confirm that the figure does not represent a specific dog but instead symbolizes faithfulness. At the time of the monument’s dedication in 1888, Irish wolfhounds were believed to have gone extinct. An inscription attributed to the sculptor, William Rudolph O’Donovan, appears between the paws of the dog statue and states, “This, in the matter of size and structure, truthfully represents the Irish wolf-hound, a dog which has been extinct for more than a hundred years.” Happily, these gentle giants were not extinct, and their population has since rebounded.

Below is Conyngham’s brief account of Fan’s actions on the battlefield, and her tender regard for one particular soldier. I have occasionally heard people refer to the wolfhound on the Irish Brigade monument as Fan, and though the figure doesn’t actually represent her, it is wonderful to know that the majestic dog still calls to mind one who bravely accompanied her soldiers and deserves to be remembered even now, in the 21st Century.

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